In wellness and health promotion, many trends are coming up. There has been increased state and federal funding towards health promotion services(Coile, 2002). The investments have also been directed towards the modernization of health information infrastructure to enhance the connectivity and information sharing among health practitioners(Kickbusch & Payne, 2003). There is an increased expansion on the causes of disease such as substance abuse, smoking among others. The increased investments are directed towards ensuring efficient and better use of the available health system.
More efforts have been directed towards the promotion of healthy newborns and pregnancies. The stakeholders have ensured that there is an increased insurance coverage. The prenatal care visits are promoted as the major opportunities through which the people are taught on health literacy and related behaviors. There is an increased call on the employers to provide their employees with necessary workplace (Kickbusch & Payne, 2003). These supports are in the form of break time to allow breastfeeding, refrigeration facilities for keeping milk among other things. The sector has also experienced promotion of the existing services and guidelines on the best ways and times to introduce solid food to the children.
Community and school-based health programs have received increased investment from the states and federal governments. This is being done through the provision of support and encouraging healthy behaviors among the people. The school going children have been the main targets for these programs (Kickbusch & Payne, 2003). The students are educated on the prevention and wellness. The immunization and primary care routines have been bolstered and the identification of at-risk improved. There are efforts by all the stakeholders to increase the supply of fresh vegetables and fruits to schools. They also discourage other people from selling unhealthy foodstuff to schools. The physical education has been reinstituted in school with grants to facilitate school and community playgrounds.
There have been numerous developments in the provision of acute care in healthcare facilities. These developments show a brighter future in the sectors’ provision of these services. These trends are destined to transform the acute care service delivery .one of the trends that is observed in the delivery of acute care service is the increased workforce in the facilities that offer acute care services(Zhou, et al., 2008). This mainly results from the huge number of patients who seek this kind of services. This has led to increased demand for staff in those facilities hence the need to hire more people.
The acutes have been competing among themselves for the attention of healthcare experts. This was due to the few numbers of doctors and health assistants who were available to help them. Another trend worth mentioning is the increased satisfaction from both the patients and the medical staff. This is mainly due to the improved training offered to the medical staff (Zhou, et al., 2008).
The trends in ambulatory care involve the rapid growth of the service demands. The changes in the models of healthcare delivery are one of the noticeable trends in ambulatory care(Hersh, et al., 2008). These models require that the health facilities adopt the service delivery model that incorporates ambulatory care as one of its core areas.
The space factor is another trend that affects the service delivery. There is the need to have people working in a facility as well as the equipment needed in such facilities. These facilities start small and the ambulatory care helps them by creating virtual spaces for the facilities to operate on and serve their patients within the appropriate period. The removal of primary care services from the hospital is another trend that has seen the establishment of ambulatory care (Zhou, et al., 2008). The need to have independent physician work with hospitals on some issues calls for the need to have ambulatory care. These trends have established ambulatory care to a path of faster growth.
Long-term care is another area that has seen rapid transformations in the recent past. The number of baby boomers entering the old age bracket are many hence the increased number of high acuity people. These people need long-term care services and hence the emergence of trends in this field(Stone, 2000). One of the most noticeable trends is the increased long-term premiums that patients have to pay to have them covered. Aging in place is another trend. People prefer to edge in a place that understands and care for all their needs. The increased demand for care that is focused on individual patients is another trend to watch in long-term care. There is also increased use of technology in the long-term care. This has improved the efficiency of both service delivery and record keeping.
The rehabilitation care has also not been left out. There are a number of trends in this area. One of the trends is the increased use of outcomes from rehab centers to reimburse them of their resources (Ottenbacher, et al., 2008). The need for efficient quality is also another trend that has been witnessed in rehabs. From the use of resources to hiring skilled personnel, the centers must do all they can to ensure efficiency. These centers also focus on preventive care to reduce their costs down more than before.
Significant Causes for the Emergence and Evolution of These Trends
The healthcare sector is faced with numerous challenges and issues. The healthcare professionals have to come up with new ways of the handling these issues and challenges (Coile, 2002).Through various meetings and conventions, various measures were identified to help solve these issues and prepare the sector for the future.
Impact of the trends
These trends are set to revolutionize the health sector through the improved and efficient healthcare delivery. These trends would also help the government and other stakeholders implement the formulated policies which are aimed at improving service delivery in the health sector. The trends would lead to better services rendered to the citizens. They prove that the policy-makers in the health sector are focused and are not leaving anything to chance in their effort to improve healthcare service delivery
Healthcare provision to the people is a priority to the governments and the various stakeholders. The health sector is prepared to face the future challenges by adopting new ways of doing things. This would help the patients to access better health services at affordable prices. This study proves that the healthcare sector needs to make numerous changes and accommodations to serve the population better in the future. Changes are important to accommodate the changing landscape in the healthcare service delivery
Coile, R. C. (2002). Futurescan 2002: A forecast of healthcare trends, 2002-2006. Chicago: Health Administration Press.
Hersh, A. L., Chambers, H. F., Maselli, J. H., & Gonzales, R. (2008). National trends in ambulatory visits and antibiotic prescribing for skin and soft-tissue infections. Archives of internal medicine, 168(14), 1585-1591.
Kickbusch, I., & Payne, L. (2003). Twenty-first-century health promotion: the public health revolution meets the wellness revolution.
Ottenbacher, K. J., Smith, P. M., Illig, S. B., Linn, R. T., Ostir, G. V., & Granger, C. V. (2004). Trends in length of stay, living setting, functional outcome, and mortality following medical rehabilitation. Jama, 292(14), 1687-1695.
Stone, R. I. (2000). Long-Term Care for the Elderly With Disabiltiies: Current Policy, Emberging Trends, and Implications for the Twenty-First Century.
Zhou, F., Shefer, A., Kong, Y., & Nuorti, J. P. (2008). Trends in acute otitis media-related health care utilization by privately insured young children in the United States, 1997–2004. Pediatrics, 121(2), 253-260.