A deductive argument states that if premises are right, then there is an assurance of the truth of the conclusion. The conclusion that the ferry is blue shows that it is correct to say that the fairies have two colors that are either blue or green. The fact that the ferry is not green means the color which remains is must be blue. Therefore the argument is a deductive argument since it concludes that the ferry is blue which is true.
The inductive argument states that the true premises support the probable truth of the conclusion. The conclusion that John is the murderer is supported by the premises which John confessed to the crime and the two independent witnesses who claimed John committed the murder and the presence of John’s fingerprints on the murder weapon. The information in the premises provides proof that the conclusion is true.
The act of utilitarianism belief that an action becomes morally correct if it brings good for the most significant number of people that is if the results of the operation will be of benefit to the many people. It is morally correct to torture the terrorist so that where the bomb is hidden can be revealed. Revealing where the weapon is to bring comfort to the many people using Manhattan Subway who could suffer in case the bomb blows.
The Euthyphro dilemma poses a question as to whether gods love the devoted religious person because the person is dedicated to gods or whether the person is so much committed because gods adore the man (Mouw 1990). It leaves a dilemma as to know the cause of the relationship between gods and the devoted person. It is not clear if the love comes from the religious person or the love come from the gods. It leaves an answered question as to why there exist a relationship between man and gods.
Glaucon believes that justice originated out of the laws made by those who suffered injustice but were unable or were too weak to impose it themselves (Ferrari &Griffith 2000). Glaucon argued that the reason why people practice justice is that they view truth as the necessary evil and practice it to avoid the higher harm which would befall them if they do away with justice. According to Glaucon, living an unjust life is more profitable than living a just life because the wicked man gets enough powers to enable him to buy the title of the just man.
Ferrari, G.R.F. (ed.),& Griffith, Tom. Plato. The Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Mouw, R..The God Who Commands, Notre Dame: Notre Dame Press. 1990.