Sample Philosophy Paper on Sigmund Freud’s Idea


Sigmund Freud is considered the founder of psychoanalytic theory. This is a method of evaluating and treating personality disorders, and it is mostly applied in psychotherapy. His theory focuses on the idea that things can happen to us in our childhood impacts the way we function later as adults (May 2018). According to Freud, the human brain is divided into the conscious mind and the unconscious mind. The unconscious mind is the one that makes people come up with a particular decision, even if they believe that it is not conscious. This paper will evaluate Freud’s idea of human personality. It links this theory with examples of my personal experiences whereby I had to apply the defense mechanism, overcome unconsciousness, and decision making.

My first Personal experience

During my high school period, I was considered one of the best students in sporting events, especially athletics. I had won medals since I joined high school, and my ego told me that I was undefeated. Because of my ego, I avoided practice, and when we went for our inter classes competition, I took the fourth position. My ego could not accept that I faile,d, but immediately I developed a defense mechanism to pretend that I was unwell to protect my ego. As per Freud’s theory, the essential auxiliary components of personality are three: id, ego, and superego. They reside in the oblivious as powers, and they can be induced from the manners in which individuals act. An evolutionary perspective on Compassion being rooted sincerely like human behavior as it has a biological basis on the body with the brain (Hossain 2017). For example, it is motivating others. Through the gesture of facial with touch, humans relay compassion, thus displaying understanding serves functions on social vital, suggesting firmly based on evolutionary research directions.

Second personal experience

Sometimes we make decisions without considering the negative impacts or consciousness, and I had experienced this recently when I wrote a letter to my company manager requesting a salary increase. I was not conscious of my choice of words and this cost me my job. The contemplations, emotions, and impressions that one knows about at the current second. Preconscious stage: The second level is preconscious, which incorporates the mental movement of which individuals may get mindful just if they take care of it intently (Czernianin 2017). Oblivious level: It comprises considerations, emotions, wishes, drives, and so on, of which we don’t know. However, it impacts our conscious degree of action.

Third personal experience

In my life experience, I was one day in a dilemma to make a decision that highlighted Id, ego, and superego. This happened when I was looking for an apartment that I could commute to college with ease. The former landlord owned the only available apartment, and my last encounter with him was ugly. On one side, the id was the oblivious, nonsensical piece of personality. It is the crude part insusceptible to profound quality and requests of the outside world. It works on the joy guideline and looks for guaranteed fulfillment. At the same time, my ego engaged with the functions of this present reality. It works on the truth standard. It is the conscious and reasonable piece of personality that manages contemplations and practices. It shows the individual to adjust requests of the outer world and requirements of the individual (Fitzgerald 2017). My Super Ego was the inner portrayal of parental and cultural qualities. It functions as the voice of the heart that propels the ego to consider the genuine and ideal. It decides one’s practices as right or off-base, positive or negative. Bombing up to moral standards achieve disgrace, blame, inadequacy, and nervousness in the individual.


Freud’s theory suggests that the human personality is complicated, and it has various components. According to the psychoanalytic theory, Freud says that personality is divided into three essential elements: The Ego, The ID, and the superego. These elements are necessary because they work together to ensure that they come up with human behaviors. Every component mentioned in theory has its own specified contribution when it comes to personality, and they both coordinate in ways that have a significant influence on the human being. Every element of the personality comes up at specific levels of life.

Freud’s idea suggests that some aspects of human personality are more essential and pressure to act on basic urges. Some parts of our personality coordinate to ensure that they counteract these urges so that one can be able to handle reality and it’s demand (Rottenberg 2019).

Difference between psychodynamic theory and psychoanalytic theory of personality

Psychoanalytic theory is the perspective and ideas that were given by Sigmund Freud, and on the hand, the psychodynamic theories are the ideas and perspective that was derived by Sigmund Freud and other followers of his works

Sigmund Freud’s analysis was the first psychodynamic theory, yet the psychodynamic approach overall incorporates all speculations that depended on his ideas like Erik Erikson. Immediately, Freud’s assumptions were psychoanalytic, though the term ‘psychodynamic’ alludes to the two hypotheses and those of his adherents.


The psychodynamic perspective on Self-awareness is more significant in nurture as self-awareness is the experience of one’s personality or individuality. It is not to be confused with consciousness (May 2018). Environmental factors have a significant influence on the chances for someone to develop specific health problems because the state of the environment causes the illness. The nature of a given environment affects the individuals in that given environment.

Personality Development

Based on the case-history of patients, Freud came to a resolution that personality improvement happens through a grouping of psychosexual stages and consequently proposed a five-stage theory of personality advancement (likewise called a psychosexual theory). As indicated by him, issues experienced at any stage may capture improvement and have a long-term impact on an individual’s life. In these stages, the Id’s pleasure looking for inclination centers around various regions of the body.

This study is relevant because the speaker proposes that people get motivated by unconscious needs and repressed memories. Most of these people can have their problems addressed by ensuring that motivations are made in a therapy talk. He explains how this influence can tower above any other psychologists in society today (Rottenberg 2019). The speaker questioned if Sigmund Freud was right when talking about human nature’s ideologies and if his methodologies are scientific? The study supports the idea that everyone engages in self-serving bias because they want to do things that favor their interests.

When it comes to maintaining and strengthening self-control, the study gives examples of what works best by tackling issues that the medical industry did not address when it comes to these issues. Freud was able to come up with his private clinic, and through this, he learned that our behavior is shaped by unconscious needs and memories that are repressed. This is why he came up with a baseless unconscious driver that pushes human behavior when it comes to survivors of trauma.

I don’t support Freudian ideas because they were a misinterpretation of various researchers by claiming that his remedy had helped patients when, on the other hand, it had gotten worse. These ideas are harmful even without any cases because he also saw homosexuality to be a development problem, and he said that the penis meant envy, which means that women are haunted in their life by the fact that they don’t have penises.

When it comes to the interpretation of dreams, Freud was right because dreams reveal alit to us, and it is essential to examine them and interpret them to understand the future. This is because Freud built this Theory using scientific facts, especially when it comes to how human psychology is derived from a biological inheritance of things from history.

Behavior genetics

Behavior genetics perspective on Extraversion is more of nature simply because we have genes that determine us (Hossain 2017). Extraversion is a trait of personality that entails the majority of specific characteristics. For instance, emotions are based on positive, sociability, level of high activity, together with assertiveness. In this case, nature is essential as genes act as determinants of how it influences us.


Someone’s behavior can be influence by the nature of the environment. Apart from the fact that some diseases are inherited from family members, some are also caused by nature mutations and changes in a pre-existing Gene or various genes. Behavior actions happen in different time zones that range from muscle activity to the sweat gland, consumption of meals, and rest. A cognitive perspective on Language Acquisition is significantly on nurture as it nurtures entails the acquisition of traits via experience along with learning after birth. For example, a baby will try to articulate words they have heard from their mother, such as milk. In this case, language acquisition is where human acquires the ability to language comprehend and perceive, and production with words use and create sentences for communication.



May U. (2018). Freud at Work: On the History of Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice, with an Analysis of Freud’s Patient Record Books. Routledge.

Hossain, M. M. (2017). Psychoanalytic Theory used in English Literature: A Descriptive Study. Global Journal of Human-Social Science Research17(1), 40-46.

Czernianin, H., & Czernianin, W. (2017). Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) in the perspective of literature psychology.

Fitzgerald, M. (2017). Why did Sigmund Freud refuse to see Pierre Janet? Origins of psychoanalysis: Janet, Freud, or both?. History of psychiatry28(3), 358-364.

Rottenberg, E. (2019). Sigmund Freud: A Modern-Day Odyssey. Psychoanalysis and History21(1), 105-112.