Sample Psychology Essays on Gay Parenting and Adoption

Gay parenting and adoption of children remain an issue of active debate not only in the United States but also in countries such as the UK. In the U.S., several jurisdictions at the state level have passed legislation aimed at ta outlawing gay parenting and adoption. The fact that most of those efforts have been defeated is good news for some but bad news for others. Before 1973, it was common for courts at the state level in the U.S. to ban same-sex partners from carrying out parental responsibilities, particularly through adoption but with time, the practice became more acceptable.

Several professional organizations have defended or supported the adoption of children by same-sex partners. One of these is the American Psychological Association (APA) that argues same-sex couples’ mental health can be affected by social prejudice. APA further believes that there is no evidence or proof that children can be harmed when they are adopted by same-sex couples. The turnaround for same-sex couples interested in parenting and adopting children in the U.S. came in August 2013 following the passage and enforcement of the Marriage Amendment Act of 2013, which allowed not only same-sex marriage but also allowed gay couples to adopt children although it was to be done jointly. Before the enforcement of the act, only a gay or lesbian individual rather than couples were allowed to adopt children. A similar act was introduced to the UK parliament but received serious backlash before being passed three years later. Same-sex couples should be allowed to carry out parenting roles and adopt children, given the advantages that come with the same. Contrarily, gay parenting and adoption have specific disadvantages that warrant the outlawing of the practice.

One of the contested areas when it comes to gay parenting and adoption is the outcomes for children raised by these parents (Light 301). However, Justice Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court once suggested that there is no considerable agreement as to whether raising children by same sex-couples is harmful or not (Light 301). According to Pappas, children adopted by same-sex couples are just as well-raised as those living with heterosexual couples. An interview with a sociologist from the New York University revealed no major differences between children bought up by heterosexual couples and those adopted by same-sex couples. The sociologist, James Maddison, stated that “There is no doubt that children adopted and brought up by same-sex couples develop just successful and well-adjusted as those raised by heterosexual couples.” Maddison agreed that there is minimal research on gay parenting and adoption hence the difficulty in concluding how the situation is in those families. However, he contended that “On average, same-sex parents are the best as far as parenting is concerned.”

Another aspect accompanying gay parenting and adoption is nurturing tolerance exhibited by same-sex couples hence the need to allow the same around the world (Pappas). Research shows that children raised by gay or lesbian couples tend to be more empathetic and open-minded than those raised by heterosexual partners. The pattern is largely attributed to the nurturing tolerance demonstrated by same-sex couples. In most cases, gay fathers are less likely to suffer from depression or be involved in conflicts, as is the case for heterosexual couples. As a result, gay couples tend to have more tolerant interactions with their children resulting in the children’s empathy and open-mindedness as they develop. An interview with a woman, Jaclyn, revealed that many heterosexual couples have to deal with fertility and other familial problems. “These problems take a toll on us parents thus affecting how we interact with children,” said Jaclyn.

One of the challenges facing children from same-sex families is the stereotypic view of and unacceptance of same-sex couples by society. Society’s harsh reaction, treatment, and judgment of children from such families are one of the major disadvantages of gay parenting and adoption (Pappas). According to a sociologist at Indiana University, John Kennedy, “When a child lives with two parents where only one of those parents is legally allowed to be their parent, society will not view that family as real or authentic. This is a great disadvantage for the child.” Another sociology expert, Danielle, argues that “Societal acceptance of same-sex marriage and recognizing gay and lesbian families is the only solution to the problem faced by children adopted by such parents.”

Overall, I believe that there is no difference between a child adopted or raised by same-sex couples and one born, raised, or adopted by heterosexual partners. With the increasing number of children in the streets without parents amidst the dwindling number of heterosexual couples with the ability to adapt and raise such children, same-sex couples with an interest and desire to adopt such children should be allowed to do so. This should be supported by the enactment of legislations in favour of the same. The claims of people who oppose gay parenting and adoption have no basis as evidence confirms that same-sex couples do provide better conditions to raise children as compared to straight couples.




Works Cited

Light, Ryan. “Scientific consensus, the law, and same-sex parenting outcomes.” Social Science Research 53 (2015): 300-310.,

Pappas, Stephanie. “Why Gay Parents May Be the Best Parents.” LiveScience, Purch, 15 Jan. 2012,