Sample Psychology Paper on Jeopardy Game Presentation

Jeopardy Game Presentation

Impacts of Psychology on Decision-Making

The study of psychology can be very influential in the decision-making process. Various concepts learnt through the psychology course have influenced my education-related and personal-life-related decision-making processes significantly. However, the impacts that the course has had on me may not be similar to other people’s experiences and their decision-making processes. According to Dietrich (2010), the decision-making process is a highly individualized concept due to differences in past experiences between people, cognitive biases from one person to another, and age differences among other factors. While several methods have been used to explain the concept of decision-making in the past, Heuristics provides an almost accurate approach to explaining the framework of decision-making and why it differs from one person to another.

Sequence of Consciousness

Blume et al. (2015) described the continuum of consciousness beginning from responsive wakefulness to unconsciousness. The authors assert that the study of consciousness was initially aimed at developing an understanding of the state of consciousness of individuals with consciousness disorders. The sequence explored begins from responsive wakefulness, during which all actions are controlled and planned. This is the state of greatest awareness. The second state is that of automatic processes, where an individual is semi-aware of their surroundings. This is followed by the daydreaming state, the sleeping state, and finally the unconscious state. Capabilities vary from one state to the other.

Spinal Reflex

There are various types of responses to stimuli, based on psychological studies. Responses can be voluntary or involuntary, conditioned or unconditioned. The voluntary responses are described as those that occur based on the decision of the participant involved. A spinal reflex, for instance, is an involuntary response. Such responses occur automatically without the need for intervention. Conditioned responses are those which occur following a specific stimulus, which is associated with certain outcomes.

Ultradian Rhythm

Ultradian rhythms are found in the cycle of human sleep and generally last less than 24 hours each. The rhythms rotate between periods of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and periods of non-random eye movement (NREM) sleep. The cycle generally starts as light sleep before progressing to deep sleep and finally to the REM sleep. A complete ultradian cycle goes through 5 stages, four of which are in the NREM sleep classification. The first and second stages are light sleep stages and are characterized by slower and more rhythmic patterns. They start with alpha and continue to theta waves. The third and fourth stages comprise of delta waves while the fifth stage is the dream sleep (Lloyd & Rossi, 2012).

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment approach based on the concept that the feelings, physical sensations, and the feelings of patients are interconnected. Negative thoughts and feelings can be an impediment to holistic healing in any conditions. As such, CBT helps patients to overcome their problems by changing their thought patterns from negative to positive (Beck Institute, 2018). The objective of the therapist in such a scenario is to help the patient change their thoughts on a daily basis. The approach is used in treating conditions such as depression and anxiety.

Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is an approach to patient care in which a therapist focuses on clinical best practices, patient values, and best research evidence as the premise of patient care. Engaging in EBT is one of the conventional approaches to effective patient management both in the clinical context and in the cognitive functioning of the therapist and the patient (Duke University, 2018).



Beck Institute. (2018). Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a time-sensitive, structured, present-oriented psychotherapy directed toward solving current problems and teaching clients skills to modify dysfunctional thinking and behavior. Retrieved from

Blume, C., del Giudice, R., Wislowska, M., Lechinger, J. & Schabus, M. (2015). Across the consciousness continuum—from unresponsive wakefulness to sleep. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:105. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00105

Dietrich, C. (2010). Decision making: Factors that influence decision making, heuristics used, and decision outcomes. Inquiries Journal, 2(2), 1- 3. Retrieved from

Duke University (2018). Introduction to evidence-based practice: An Overview. Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives. Retrieved from

Lloyd, D. & Rossi, E.L. (2012). Ultradian rhythms in life processes: An inquiry into fundamental principles of chronobiology and psychobiology. Springer Science & Business Media. Retrieved from