Sample Research Paper on Cybercrime in the Digital Space

Cybercrime is the use of computer devices to cause security threats via a network.
Cybercrime has been increasingly becoming a major source of concern within the digital space.
The Australian government says that cybercrime defaulters mainly target businesses, education
institutions, and governments (2020). The more network devices, networks are expanded, the
more the cybercrime increases (Chhikara, Jyoti, et al, 2013). Cybercrime has become a menace
in recent moments as the World International Bodies such as United Nations Office on Drugs
and Crime (UNODC) have formulated policies to deal with the issue. One such policy by
UNODC is to help governments fight against Cybercrime. This paper will discuss Cybercrime in
depth including the major effects on individuals, businesses, and governments and measures that
need to be put in place.
Identity depth is the stealing of one’s personal information through a series of online
fraudulent activities by attackers. The attackers employ a range of methods to lure the victim into
giving out personal information or even obtain some amount of money through identity theft.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has issued an advisory to the public
on the recommended ways of dealing with online fraud. For example, a website has been made
to resemble that of a particular organization, but its main function is to collect personal
information from unsuspecting individuals for fraudulent activities.
Phishing is a form of online fraudulent activity targeting unsuspecting users to click into
attachments contained in e-mails that opens up malicious software or take them to a fake
website. When the victim provides personal information such as bank information, the attacker
might exploit the data in the future (Chhikara et al., 458). Phishing remains a concern in the

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online space as individuals’ data are collected. The attacker can later use several strategies to
cripple the victim or gain personal benefits from the data.
Ransomware is a form of cybercrime in which target data is encrypted making the data
inaccessible until a sum of money is paid for the attackers to decrypt. According to International
Creative Media Award (ICMA) magazine, an incident of ransomware affected a police
Department called Roxana Illinois forcing them to carry out a system restart to clear all the data
infected with ransomware attacks. The company had backups and they were able to recover the
data. Although the process still cost them time and money in dealing with the ransomware attack
(Cliff). From the study, ransomware remains a major concern to businesses and government
organizations.
Malware is a threat to cyber security as its purpose is intended to attach to a computer
device then perform malicious activities in the background. A virus is a form of malware that
attaches itself to a computer device and it can spread from one device to another. Malware
attacks came on the rise during the Covid-19 pandemic and have seen a sharp increase in
vulnerable people and systems through e-mails and fake websites (Pranggono et al). Malware is
preventable by various measures as recommended by Pranggono et al.
Cybercrime prevention measures include the use of Virtual Private Network (VPN) to
establish an encrypted pathway of data sharing via a network, firewall implementation to filter
network traffic, antivirus software to perform routine checks on the system, network
segmentation to separate critical networks from less secure networks, implementing strong
security policies for target organizations, enforce multi-factor verification among other security
measures, (Pranggono et al). For a more secure prevention measure from cybercrime, different
methods can be put in place to achieve a Defense-in-depth mechanism.

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Conclusion

Cybercrime threatens individuals, businesses, and government organizations in the digital
space. Various services are run through the digital space and this data shared online is
susceptible to attackers if proper care and security tools are enforced. The digital space is
increasingly expanding and this has, in turn, led to the influx of cybercrime cases tending to halt
the operations. However, the provision of standards by internationally recognized bodies such as
the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in cooperation with local governments
is a breakthrough in providing ways to combat cybercrime.

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Works Cited

"Identity-Related Crime". United Nations: Office On Drugs And Crime, 2021,
https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/corruption/identity-related-crime.html.
"The Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC". Https://Www.Cyber.Gov.Au/Acsc/Report, 2021,
https://www.cyber.gov.au/acsc/report. Accessed 17 Dec 2021.
Chhikara, Jyoti, et al. "Phishing & anti-phishing techniques: Case study." International Journal
of Advanced Research in computer science and software engineering 3.5 (2013).
Cliff, Gerald. "Growing Impact Of Cybercrime In Local Government". Icma.Org, 2021,
https://icma.org/articles/pm-magazine/growing-impact-cybercrime-local-government.
Pranggono, Bernardi, and Abdullahi Arabo. "COVID‐19 pandemic cybersecurity
issues." Internet Technology Letters 4.2 (2021): e247.