Sample Research Paper on Evaluation of Research Methodologies in different Journal Articles

Introduction

In order to have successful outcome in research work, the methodology has to be very clear. This is simply because any objective in a particular study is tight to a specific objective. Methodologies therefore ensures that a study is very scientific and more informative hence very authoritative. Data can therefore be qualitative or quantitative depending on the objective and field of the study. Depending on the nature of the study, methodologies for the study vary. A specific methodology is chosen based on financial and time availability. The quality of a study revolves around the methodology used in collecting information. The choice of methodology depends on the preference of the researcher. Besides, the quality of the research work depends on how well the research utilizes the methodology. Consequently, due to varied use of research methodologies, evaluation of methodologies is relevant in order to determine their significance and effectiveness (Bohn et al., 2007, 22). This study therefore focuses on the evaluation of research methodologies in different journal articles.

Journal article on how the Public perceive Change in the Climate

The methodology used to study this topic was descriptive design. The study is a survey whereby the public is interviewed using random questions concerning climate change. In order to make the study more informative, the researcher included research parameters. The parameters are the sources of information which is later utilized in the data analysis. After data collection, analysis was done using statistical software based on descriptive statistics.   (Lowry,Hess & Rosenqvist,2009,15).

Journal article on poverty in the 21st Century

Poverty in the 21 century was studied in a public institution based on how it affects the work performance and its causes. Dependent variable organizational performance was measured using perceptual 5 measures. Perpetual measures are very useful in situation whereby it is not easy to get information. Independent variable involved a 24-scale item which was used to measure poverty effects. Responses were rated on a five Likert-type scale with anchors, 1-‘Not at al’ to 5-‘To a very large extent’.  The measures were compiled from previous studies and modified to suit the context of the study. The Alpha Coefficient of the 24-item instrument was found to be 0.864 which indicates a highly reliable scale. Mediating variable was determined using the employee-outcome, the mediating variable was measured on a 13-item scale adopted from extensive literature review measured on a scale. The scale had a cronbach alpha of 0.895 which represents a good reliability. A multiple linear regression was employed to examine the effect of poverty on the performance of the public institution and the Nation as a whole. All the 24 items measuring poverty levels were combined into a single index score, for purpose of testing the mediating effect of employee outcome on the relationship between poverty levels and performance (Baker et al.,2006).

Journal article on the Potential impacts of Climate change

The study of the potential impacts of climate change in another journal were analysed using the Landsat TM satellite imagery of September 1989, February 2009 and Landsat ETM+ of June 2001. The method was used to collect data in various places within that particular surrounding.

Discussion

Clarity of the methodologies

Questionnaires in these journals are clearly utilized in terms of providing information. The questionnaires have promoted provision of probability samples and also have allowed the researcher to measure the attitude of the respondents. The validity of the data is so high and also well structured. This resulted in efficiency in the data analysis hence good discussion. However, the questionnaires contain so many weaknesses hence not very appropriate in research work. The data need further validation after collecting since some respondents provide unreliable information.  The questions have to be kept very precise in order to allow for accurate information. This is not good since the respondent can get confused due to some missing information. The questionnaires are returned without any data due to negligence of the respondents.  The leading questions are adopted due to differences in the language and also variation in issues of interest for both the respondents and the researcher. Consequently, this results in time wasting especially during data analysis (Mortsch, 1998,54).

 

 

Sufficiency of the methodologies used in the journal articles

The researchers used interviews to collect data about climate change. The technique is very useful in gathering qualitative data. This method allows respondent ample time to air their views concerning a given subject. This form of data collection ensures that the researcher only focuses on the specific areas of interest since they are always in control. The method uses leading questions which can be generated by the researcher or sometimes suggested during the interview. The method ensures accuracy hence the validity of the information being collected is very high. The respondents respond promptly hence the method ensures exploration and confirmation of any information provided by the respondent.

The journal articles that have adopted this form of data collection consume so much time which translates to so much money for the entire research process. The data collected takes so much time to do the analysis especially for the leading questions and also the information need some form of validation since not all respondents are trustworthy. The study of the effects of climate change adopted standardized tests. This is a research process that involves comprehensive and careful selection of the study parameters and also delivery of the study items to the respondents.  The standardized tests are very essential in any given study since it provides a good measure of so many parameters of a given population. Thus it has very high measurement validity. The methodology incorporates reference data that is distributed to the respondents before the study. This ensures that the information collected is very accurate. Similarly, the methodology is very good in providing quantitative data since it gives the researcher an opportunity to compare various measurements across the population being studied. This is done through the use of study instruments that are developed in advance. The test ensures accuracy through the provision of variety of data tests. When analyzing data, the researcher is able to analyze the data without any much problem and also the researcher is able to design tests that are suitable to a particular field of study. However, the study is very expensive since sometimes the tests have to be bought for every respondent. Sometimes, the study is not so appropriate for a local population hence it is biased for a given group of respondents. Besides, it also has high potential of errors from the respondents on specific items in the test.

 

Comprehension of different methodologies used in the journal articles

The methods used in the study are somehow not easy to follow. In the study of the climate, the researcher has adopted survey as a research methodology.  The methodology is so brief and very sophisticated hence very hard to follow. A good methodology has to be simple and clear to be understood by every person revising the article.  The use of technical terms at the stage of data collection makes the reader confused especially if the reader is not very conversant with that field of study. The data analysis has adopted various methods of statistical designs to analyze the data. Often, data is analyzed suing statistical software.  The methodology used to analyze the data is comprehensive in all the journals. This is simple because, data is analyzed and the significance difference presented. The methodology has been presented in a stepwise manner hence easier to understand. Presentation methods like graphs brings out the information very clearly (Bohn et al., 2007,30).

For any research to be informative there ought to be sufficient information concerning the research work. In all the journals studied, the researchers have provided enough information for the reader to understand the topics. For every methodology, researchers have provided backing information concerning work done using the same methodologies. In addition, the researchers have justified the reason as to why they adopted these methodologies through the use of very current literature review. Literature review for a particular methodology makes the research work stronger and informative.

Determination of whether the methodologies used in the journal articles are replicable

Good methodologies have to be replicable. The methods are significant at 0.0001 confidence interval. This basically implies that, the methodology is very significant and it did not occur due to chance. The methods can therefore many times as much as possible without getting different results. When the methodology of study is not very clear, it shows that the research work is not well done. Therefore the researcher ought to provide explanation as to why the methodology used in the study is not very clear. This ensures that someone going through the article is able to understand the reason as to why the objectives of the study are not realized. When the explanation is not present, it shows that the researcher was either not conversant with the methodology being used.

Analysis of the strength and weaknesses of research methodologies in the journal articles.

Discussion of the weaknesses and strengths of a given methodology in the research article is very essential. The articles have embraced this approach as a way of ensuring that there methodologies are very clear and acceptable.  Discussion of the weaknesses and strengths of a methodology justifies the essence of adopting that methodology.

Differences in the application of research methodologies in the journal articles

Journals have different formats of how methodologies are presented. This is very evident in the journals studied in this research work. There is a difference in the amount of information that is provided with some allowing brief discussion of the methodology, with very few figures in the presentation of the methodology (Hilbert,Ostendorf, & Hopkins,2001,47).

Conclusion

Research methodology is a very critical stage in any research work. For any research work to be successful, the researcher has to design the methodology clearly.  Different study fields utilize different research methodologies. Therefore no particular research methodology applies to all the study fields. When study methodology is well chosen and utilized, it leads to very reliable information and informative conclusion. The methodology ought to be very simple in order to ease the process of implementation. A complicated methodology translates to difficulties in its implementation hence very poor results. Besides simplicity, a research methodology ought to be financially manageable and time saving.

 

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