Sample Social Work and Human Services Paper on Mental Health Care

Mental health refers to the complete psychological wellbeing and state of being free of any psychiatric disorders. It entails the capability of a person to be emotionally unwavering and capable to handle normal life pressures, the realization of abilities, and being industrious in his/her work and that of the community. Additionally, mental disorders may be caused by severe anxiety, loneliness, childhood abuse, grief, and stigmatization. The treatment of mental disorders involves guidance and counseling, psychiatric medications, and change of lifestyle.  However, different economic and financial issues have, over the years, significantly affected the provision of services in the treatment of mental health disorders and physical illnesses.

Question 1

Economic and financial issues in mental healthcare include the cost of medical care and intervention plans, maintenance of health facilities, inadequate financial data, and allocation of resources. The increasing prices for accessing mental drugs and running of health facilities has created financial constraints on budget allocations. Additionally, inadequate financial data on mental health systems such as hospitals and other providers has led to difficulties in the budgeting of the psychiatric facilities (Sloan and Hseih, 2017). The allocation of resources is a great challenge as the resources are limited and cannot sustain the growing demand. Transferring some of these resources can pose a great challenge in care provision and limit the quality of services offered. The re-allocation may also be affected by other external factors such as legislation, culture, and the available services offered due to the lengthy bureaucracy process involved.

Question 2

Parity in mental health care refers to equality in the treatment of psychological conditions and substance use disorder in insurance plans. It also involves the equal provision of services and care for illnesses that require treatment and financial limitations (Douglas et al., 2018).  Additionally, parity laws enforcement relies significantly on the consumers, providers, and others to ensure that the health insurance organizations’ are accountable for covering the services on mental and physical illnesses.

 

References

Douglas, M., Wrenn, G., Bent-Weber, S., Tonti, L., Carneal, G., Keeton, T., & Miller, B. F. (2018). Evaluating State Mental Health and Addiction Parity Statutes: A Technical Report.

Sloan, F. A., & Hsieh, C. R. (2017). Health economics. MIT Press.