Secure attachment is the proven tendency of a child to be dependent on the emotional and physical availability of their caregivers. The importance of this attachment cannot be overemphasized as it literally affects every developmental stage in children; overlapping into their adult life. As children begin their interactions with the physical world outside of their mother’s womb, they need to feel wanted, loved, and safe in the care of their primary caregivers who may either be their mother, father, or an assigned guardian. The effects of lacking such a positive environment results in devastating emotional deficiencies that affects them for life unless interventions are sought.
Essentially, there are many advantages of raising securely attached children. They enjoy their adult life to the full exhibiting excellent interpersonal skills, independence, better stress management skills, greater trust, and non-hostile romantic relationships in adulthood (Berk, 2012). On the contrary, insecurely attached children develop survival tactics independent of their caregivers that include withdrawal and not showing any emotions. As a result, they grow up lacking capacity for emotional regulation and dependency. They also lack a secure base upon which they can explore life experiences.
Due to these significant impacts of secure attachment, parents and other caregivers ought to find ways of providing a safe environment for the growth and development of the children. Secure attachment in the children takes place in the midst of daily parental sensitivity and responsive parenting (Balbernie, 2013). Caregivers can only provide such support to the children when they are emotionally stability. Otherwise, some of the risk factors that hinder secure attachment include substance abuse, past unresolved emotional issues, bereavement of the caregiver, and hostility of the caregiver. Thus, in light of the benefits of secure attachment, its importance cannot be overemphasized.
Balbernie, R. (2013). “The importance of secure attachment for infant mental health.” Journal of Health Visiting, 1(4), pp. 210-217
Berk, L .E. (2012). Child development. 9th Edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Education.