Sample Sociology Article Review “Sociology of Gender”


The “Sociology of Gender” article gives insight into the general sociological concepts of sex and gender. The article defines sex as the biological traits that society associates with being male or female. It defines gender as cultural meanings and beliefs that influences a person’s identity, and the concept is attached to one’s masculinity or femininity. Sexuality is defined as sexual attraction, identity, or practices that are or are not in alignment with one’s sex and gender. The article also examines the aspect of social constructionism of gender whereby gender is put into historical and cultural focus. Other crucial terms explored are masculinity and femininity, which are viewed as sets of processes such as gender relations and practices existing between men and women. How gender is viewed varies from time to time and from place to place. For instance, how masculinity and femininity were viewed in the 16th century Europe differs from how they were viewed in 20th century Africa. The article talks about Wodaabe men from Niger who wear make-up and other ornaments during special ceremonies to attract women (Zevallos). In the 16th century Europe, men were not associated with such practices or behaviors.

Key Themes/Points

A major point from the article is that there is a distinction between the terms sex and gender. Sex is more of the biological traits assigned to people by society to identity them as male or female, whereas gender does not depend on biological traits but on the societal or cultural meanings attached to men and women (Zevallos). Another key term is social constructionism of gender that points to how people and society create meaning through social interaction. Social constructionism determines that gender varies across time and place.


A question that arises after reading the article is; Are gender experiences such as gender pay gap justifiable given society’s creation of meaning of who people are?



Work Cited

Zevallos, Zuleyka. “Sociology of Gender.” The Other Sociologist, 2014. Retrieved from