Sample Sociology Essays on Emile Durkheim

Durkheim is fondly remembered as one of prominent sociology thinkers. Durkheim was born in Epinal, Lorraine, France 1858 in a Jewish family background. Upon his successful graduation, Durkheim was privileged to teach philosophy at the University of Bordeaux in 1887. During the preliminary stages of his teaching career, Durkheim was confined to teaching moral education but later granted the opportunity to teach his favorite subject, sociology. Durkheim’s lifelong dedication and committed towards teaching fueled his official appointment as a distinguished professor at Sorbonne, in Paris, a place he stayed until his death.

The divisions of labor and anomie theories are some of his notable works. The prime focus of division of labor is reinforcing societal moral ideals that tend to fuse societies together. Consequently, Durkheim earnestly sought to dissect the cultural norms, experiences, and perspectives allowing people to come together and pursue a common goal. Through division of labor, Durkheim introduced the concept solidarity that if harnessed can create a functional and peaceful society (Cummings 28). Without solidity in society, a situation called anomie arises in which some society members feel alienated and sidelined in major political, economic, and social activities and decisions. It is familiar to see major uprising and social conflicts in the quest for social justice, especially involving people who feel alienated from mainstream society.

The theory of division of labor and anomie are widely applied in modern societies. To enhance division of labor and prevent the anomie problem, people repeatedly turn to Durkheim’s teaching about fostering collective consciousness and shared thinking among community members. Cummings posits that the concept of solidarity allows people to engage in rituals and remind them of their shared and values (36). The modern society is in constant change, and leaders need to apply Durkheim’s concept of anomie and solidarity to align people together towards a collective goal and mitigate some of the social problems like political violence.

 

Work Cited

Cummings, E. Mark. “Children and Political Violence from a Social Ecological Perspective: Implications from Research on Children and Families in Northern Ireland.” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, vol. 12, no. 1, 2009, pp. 16–38.