Sample Sociology Essays on Poverty in the U.S. Society

Poverty refers to a pervasive situation in which an individual is unable to acquire or provide essential commodities such as food, shelter, and water. Studies posit that unemployment is the primary cause of poverty in America since the majority of the affected citizens do not have any employed family members (Mood and Jan 640). Inequality is also a major cause of poverty in the US, especially among people of color. Finally, other elements such as inadequate education, lack of drinking water, substandard medical facilities, poor sanitation, and living conditions are also the genesis of poverty in the United States.

Poverty has a significant effect on society, and on numerous occasions, it threatens to divide a country due to the issues of perceived inequality by the victims. Poverty can result in antisocial behavior in juveniles that can eventually lead to the development of aggressive and social exclusion traits (Bowles, Steven, and Karla 14). Equally, the condition also reduces the life span of the affected individuals since poverty impacts the mental and physical well-being of the victims. Increased levels of poverty can promote delinquent behaviors because the people affected can engage in criminal acts to sustain their living.

One of the poverty myths speculated by the majority of the Americans is that most of the wealthy individuals did not acquire their money through toiling. In reality, a study on the American billionaires indicates that many of these people did not inherit their wealth as portrayed by the poor but by putting more effort into achieving their desired dreams (Tanner 5). Another myth surrounding poverty in the U.S. is that poverty alleviating programs encourage laziness, including criminal acts. However, the fact is that most of the families under Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs are employed and can support their households.



Works Cited

Bowles, Samuel, Steven N. Durlauf, and Karla Hoff, eds. Poverty traps. Princeton University Press, 2016.

Mood, Carina, and Jan O. Jonsson. “The social consequences of poverty: An empirical test on longitudinal data.” Social indicators research 127.2 (2016): 633-652.

Tanner, Michael. “Five myths about economic inequality in America.” Cato Institute Policy Analysis 797 (2016).