Sample Sociology Paper on Health and Nutrition in Students

Health and Nutrition in Students


Nutrition is the provision of the essential materials required by cells and biological organisms for them to survive. In a human being, nutrition consists of food and drinks that we take in our daily lives. Nutrition and dietetics deal with appreciation about the property of alimentation in the human body. Many students have poor nutrition habits, and this has an overall effect on their studies. The study shows that active students perform better in academic work than the unhealthy ones. Therefore, if schools, parents, health organization and community at large work together in ensuring that students have a healthy life, the academic standards will significantly improve (Samour, 2012).

World declaration on nutrition recognizes that food and education are substantial elements in the health. A study conducted in the USA by world health organization (WHO) in conjunction with the food and agricultural organization (FAO) proves this. Health promoting schools plays a significant role in determining whether the next era will get educated. In its study, WHO tries to help individuals and groups improve their health standards. It also teaches on the way health promoting schools should get planned, and how these plans can be implemented. The condition resulting from less diet or the inability of the body to take in food in the digestion system and metabolize the nutrients is known as malnutrition. This concept includes overnutrition, undernutrition, and nutritional deficiencies.

In the United States, a study was carried out in student’s participation in the Department of Agriculture (USDA) school breakfast program (SBP). The study showed that there was great academic performance in students who took breakfast in comparison with those who did not make breakfast. There was also a vast increase in test scores and cognitive capacity in the students as well as reduced absenteeism in school. This study proves that lack of proper food slowed down the cognitive performance such as thinking in pupils. It also leads to poor grades and loss of morale in the learning activities. Apart from food, physical health is also part of good nutrition and die tics program. Good nutrition without physical exercises may lead to obesity, and this may hinder learning in different ways. In 1998, WHO conducted a survey in the United States on obesity. Research Found that that obesity and overweight was about 15% for all children and adolescent (Samour, 2012).

A study by Massachusetts Department of Public Health indicated that students with better physical health tend to have better grades in school, have good attendance in classes, have better behaviors associated with great cognitive performance. Therefore, it is important for schools to have a 5-10-minute break for physical activities. Students should also participate in games and other physical activities for good performance in school.


Annotated bibliography

Jukes, M. C., Drake, L. J., & Bundy, D. A. (2008). School health, nutrition and education for all: Levelling the playing field. Wallingford, UK: CABI Pub.

This book explains the different ways that good health and nutrition helps in improving the level of education in children. One of the central role of good health is said to bring cognitive development and education in children. The largest effect as shown in this book is for iron supplementation and malaria prevention as well as deworming programs in schools. School feeding program is critical to improving health. Health and nutrition also improve educational level for the poor and the most vulnerable.  The poor suffer a double tragedy because they lack enough food. Thus, the performance of their bodies is lowered. The other tragedy is that they will not perform in education if they do not have proper nutritional requirements.  Thus by offering food and dewormers to students, the poor are significantly helped and thus improving on their level of performance in schools and their health also. The book also speaks of the challenges that children face in their health and nutrition.

Contento, I. R. (2007). Nutrition education: Linking research, theory, and practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.


This book illustrates how the society for nutrition education (SNE) promotes the effective nutritional education to communication to sustain healthful behaviors. SNE being international body shares information about health and nutrition to students, professionals, policymakers and the public with interest. Another organization known as School Nutritional Association ensures that all pupils have access to healthful school meals by: providing members with education and training, setting standard through credentialing and certification and gathering and transmitting any information related to school nutrition.

The author acknowledges the need for the child nutrition, pointing at WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 which prompted every local school to offer lunch program to the students in the United States. The act also ensures that guidelines are there for safety and consumption of all the food that are in the school during a day. It also requests for inclusion of goals for nutritional education, physical activity, and other school-based programs to expand students’ wellness.


Plotnikoff, & Ronald C, C. (2015). Effectiveness of interventions targeting physical activity, nutrition and healthy weight for university and college students: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (BioMed Central Ltd.) BioMed Central Ltd.

In this article, the author researched about the physical activities and behaviors found in college students. Research showed that 50%-60% of the college students are inactive and thus prone to educational weaknesses. Furthermore, the health and physical activity experts in universities have not been able to improve this. The research showed that students in the college had neglected the physical activity lessons. Another problem is that there is the lack of multi-level approaches to physical activity research. The final issue to study on this topic was that the measures of physical activities are not easy to compare among different samples. Thus, these challenges are hindrances to improvements in health and nutrition in students.


Samour, P. Q., & King, K. (2012). Pediatric nutrition. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.