In play-based learning children make sense of and organize social words by actively engaging with people, representations, and objects. It is of significance to children during their early childhood years as it positively influences their physical, emotional, and social developments. Having a background knowledge about different types of play allows the introduction and reinforcement of new concepts to guide in the early development stage.
Benefits of a Play-Based Learning Environment
Play-based learning concept majorly contributes to a child’s emotional development. With play-based learning, children can have a mastery of emotional issues and explore ways of dealing with some of these emotional issues. The concept allows them to explore or find new ways of dealing with their emotions and reality. Moreover, it gives them the opportunity to remain positive about themselves (White & Stoecklin, 1998). Concerning a child’s physical development, active engagement of a child in a play such as jumping and running helps them to strengthen their large muscles. Engaging in activities such as eating and writing largely benefits children as their skills are refined with the use of small muscles. As they become older, they continually use the large and small muscles in more complex ways. Thus, the muscles become integrated with their visual perception. In addition, play-based learning influences a child’s social development. It enables children to attempt to get close to and interact with others.
Play-based learning is also influential in a child’s language development. Children often use language to interact with their peers and attempt to express themselves in various tones. Thus, it allows children to develop and improve their oral and written language skills for easy interaction with their peers. In addition, play enables children to be creative. Through creativity, young children are able to express and develop new concepts and talents amongst their peers (Ginsburg, 2007). Play also helps children to understand their environment and adapt to it as they grow older.
How the Benefits Relate to Well-Being During Childhood and Beyond
Well-being is defined as a state of being comfortable, happy, and healthy. Playing allows children to create, explore, and master the world. As such, it largely helps them to conquer their fears while practicing various roles such as adult roles. Additionally, as they master the world, children develop new competencies that significantly enhance their confidence and resilience. Besides, playing allows children to negotiate and resolve conflicts, hence improving their decision-making skills (Ginsburg, 2007). Additionally, plays build an active and healthy body. Engaging in physical activity helps reduce the risk of obesity amongst children.
Play-based learning is enhances brain and skill development. In early childhood, playing helps children to develop reasoning skills and encourages autonomous thinking thus enhancing their brain and skill development (Grieshaber, 2010). Moreover, playing encourages self-confidence and self-esteem in life. Through play, children have the opportunity of developing confidence-building skills such as conflict resolution skills. Moreover, when they take risks and overcome a challenge, children tend to develop higher self-esteem, which is pivotal throughout their life. Furthermore, playing helps in realizing emotions from trauma as such encouraging good physical health. Playing also helps children to develop survival, self-control, and negotiation skills useful throughout their life. Through group interactions, children are able to familiarize themselves with verbal and body language, as well as develop appropriate communication skills.
Playing is essential for a child during his or her childhood years. Children often benefit from plays as they try to create, explore, and master the world. These largely help them to conquer their fears and attempt to solve challenges they encounter. Teachers and parents should allow children to play. The importance is evident in children’s physical, emotional, and social development.
Ginsburg, K. R. (2007). The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds. Pediatrics, 119(1), 182-191. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/119/1/182.short
Grieshaber, S. (2010). Departures from tradition: The early years learning framework for Australia. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 4(2), 33. Retrieved from https://ijccep.springeropen.com/articles/10.1007/2288-6729-4-2-33
White, R., & Stoecklin, V. (1998). Children’s outdoor play & learning environments: Returning to nature. Early Childhood News, 10(2), 24-30. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Randy_White/publication/267374472_Children’s_Outdoor_Play_Learning_Environments_Returning_to_Nature/links/545141ec0cf2bf864cba8f55.pdf