Sample Tourism Paper on Impacts of Tourism in Kenya

Tourism is a major backbone to the economy of Kenya and this industry in Kenya is one of the best sector in Africa. This industry has come in with adverse positive and negative Environmental, Sociocultural and Economic impacts. This work focuses on positive and negative impacts of tourism industry on the Kenyan economy both directly and indirectly.


Environmental Impacts of Tourism Industry on Kenya

Tourism has brought about development and improvement of transport and communication sector as the government tries to open up the remote regions with rich attraction potentiality. This highly benefits the local communities in their daily activities are now done at ease and conveniently. This development befalls both on the transport and in telecommunication sector.

Tourism sector has increased awareness on environmental importance and, the need of environmental conservation and management to the government along with the local community. Local Communities play an important role in conserving all the environmental tourist related features in their localities. Government on the other hand introduces conservation measures to secure and improve on those tourist environmental habitats.

Conversely, growth in tourist promising areas results to population growth in those areas bringing the need for water to sustain tourists, locals and, animals. The need upshots alteration of the existing water resources and the water table. According to Newson (2012), locals pay for the social and environmental impacts resulting from the growing tourism industry.

Tourism advancement in Kenya head starts noise pollution, water pollution and sound pollution to the affected areas. According to Gilpin (1995) pollution increase as an outcome of advancing tourism industry has been a healthy risk to the general environment together as well as the existing population in the area.


Sociocultural Impacts of Tourism on Kenya

Positive Impacts

Growth of tourism industry has increased employment opportunities to the local inhabitants in those areas. They also get job opportunities as tourist guides, hospitality jobs in the tourists expanding hotels and accommodation sectors, driving jobs, curio shops attendants, entertainment in cultural performances, traditional craft making from different tribes in Kenya and selling of different food services to tourists.

Tourism steers cultural interaction and appreciation as local inhabitants and tourists copy some cultural features from each other. This leads to enrichment of adverse practices from the existing outdated values. According to Scott (2017), different local communities have adversely improved on their existing cultural values and practices due to their interaction with the visiting tourists.


Negative Impacts

Tourism industry unfavorably escalates degradation of moral values of the local host communities. This is apparent on the rising crime rates, illegal drug use, alcoholism, prostitution and betting. These pervasive behaviors impinge on societal vices, disruption of societal order, moral stability and, values. Younger members of the host indigenous communities’ copies tourist’s behaviors soaring their traditional value systems.


Tourism Impacts on Economic Developments

Tourism leads to improvement in better services, infrastructural development and also improved telecommunication sector and, road network system. This growth has been favorable to the existing communities since these developments have made their services to become easier. it has diversified the income potential to the country, exploitation of resources and improved waste treatment plants.

Tourism industry has escalated improvement in natural environment such as protection of national parks and game reserves infrastructural water-treatment plants, growth of hotel and hospitality sectors, growth of veterinary services and extension services in an effort to conserve the environment to secure and improve the Kenyan rich tourism sector and make accessibility of those potential areas easy.




Gilpin, A. (1995). Environmental impacts Assessment: Cutting Edge for the 21st Century. England: Cambridge University Press.

Newson, D., Moore, S., Dowling, R., (2013). Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts and Management. .Bristol; Channel View Publications.

Scott, D., (2017). Natural Area Tourism: Tourism and Hospitality Management, volume23(2).

Hall, M., (2019). Advances in intelligent Systems and Computing: Advance in Human factors, Business Management and Society. Vol. 783(1)