Shaping Individual Identity and sociology through the eyes of Dubois, Weber and Karl Marx
Humanity is a fluid idea that largely depends on social constructions of different institutions within the environment. The people’s inner lives in any environment determine mores and values that build the personality. Ideally, sociology studies different aspects of the community from the society aspect to the individual’s point of view. Many theorists have undertaken to carry out studies on different social set ups such as interpersonal relationships ideals and aspects of inner lives stories. In this case, interpersonal relationships involve a mixture of developments that are to a greater extent man made.
Many theorists as seen here consider the society as manmade (Weber 2009, 12). They consider the society as a place that changes constantly evolving and transforming a response to the people’s activities and such a phenomenon lead to social change ideals. As many theorists determine in this paper, social change critically emerges from different societal institutions and necessitate progress and change constantly. Such changes in many cases are gradual, subtle and affect virtues and values of the concerned institutions.
This kind of analysis contrasts and compares different positions of Dubois, Marx and Weber with a solid affiliation of different effects that a new capitalistic feelings and organizations have on the identity of an individual. Many of these philosophers have made enormous contributions on the way in which social change has altered different institutions and their ideas.
Social change in the field of sociology focuses on mechanisms alterations that take place in greater paradigms of social structures that also define major changes in cultural symbols as well as rules and behaviors that determine social organizations as well as the value of different institutions (Rabaka 2009).
Different philosophers have also advanced their research on the essentials of social change and institutional change ideals and personal development ideals. Some of the philosophers include Dubois, Karl, Marx and Weber and Durkheim among others. The truth seekers have made different proponents as well as claims on social change correspondents and humanistic practices in social political point of view.
This paper therefore evaluates different dimensions of Dubois proponents when compared to that of Karl Marx and Weber. These theorists have made notable contributions towards social change development as well as humanistic growth. In a new paradigm, Marx suggests that social paradigms modifications have changed in terms of productions that in many cases lead to class systems changes.
Such an alteration in class system has the possibility of generating other possible changes and inciting social class conflict according to Karl Marx. According to Marx, such a theory also has ability to create ‘alienation’ concept (Marx et al 1974, 12) that can lead to disparity and change in the criterion of social construction as well as loyalty to institutional change.
Additionally, Emile Durkheim and Weber Max also propounded a wide range of anthropological ideals that focused on association paradigm. They held uncertainty towards development of constructive as well as social institutional structuralism. The increase in division of labor according to Durkheim in many social organizations is also a basic process that has grown deeply in present individualism (Weber 2009).
Such a state in the society has ability of creating anomie and is ethically considered lack of moral customs. On the other hand, Weber held a strong rejection on evolutionism theory. He maintained that growth of many western societies had a significant difference compared to other civilizations. The created the realm in western countries unique socially and historically.
The characterization that Weber focuses on is the dimension of peculiarity trait that determines modern capitalism as well as rationality. The other principles that he strongly believes in making the west very peculiar are the modern science essence and rational laws. As they later emerge, such laws have a negative and positive impact leading to global disenchantment and rise in bureaucratization.
Dubois the philosopher also propounds a wide range of connections to sociological paradigms of ethical organizations and humanity. The life of the philosopher greatly reflects on end of slave trade in America even though similar connotations towards racial discrimination as before. As a theorist, he also held radical rules to the social change and human virtues institution quite significant (Rabaka 2009).
Being a civil activist, he also held the principle and theory of egalitarianism in the community that served to impact the lives of many Caucasia Americans and scholars alike. on racial discrimination, Dubois held on to the inclusivity theory emphasizing that institutions in their settings have to employ strategies that pave way for advancement opportunities as well as social change. Taking a closer look at many American institutions of higher learning, the theorist evaluated many reasons as to why blacks still held to major educational positions or prestige in the US despite elimination of slave trade.
His principles also relegated on the role of religion to social change as well as determination. In an effort to find relevance in the country, he analyzed paradigms of religion and created religious significance gathering to sharing. In a focus on blacks, he also advocated that the group enjoy comfort and motivation via the art of solace in religion and sharing.
Total racial exploitation in the society for the economic benefit in the society, the USA is known for exploitation stories and being racists despite that slave trade was abolished. Racial inequality recipients also had multidimensional ideals to the story and to how the society is created. One of the examples of such is that the community had a very dominant view of others especially those that benefited from the system and exploitation strategies therein.
Blacks here had a feeling of being poorly treated and paid and were mainly directed towards low paying jobs making up part of their stories. Comparing Karl Marx to Dubois, the two philosophers discovered the exploitation issue in a way that the society as well as political shared as a way of ensuring social inequality (Rabaka 2009). According to Dubois setting, the African American society is largely depend on the principles of socio economic racial inequality dimensions.
On the other hand, Marxism theory focuses more on socio-economic inequalities that arise from political organizations suppressing the low class majority. In Dubois, setting double consciousness had made African America, racial recipients with two dimensions of racial effects in the country. Blacks from Marxist point of view had a condition of being paid poorly, getting low grade jobs, low level institutions and related organizations that are discriminated upon in regards to origin and color.
Under evaluation the black society became quite iconic in the US to the level of alienation and ease that Marx focuses on in his theory. Just as double sensitivity of Dubois in his theory, the political structure also held a solid position and supported economic exploitation. They also felt the need of such actions via legal strata being socially held and cultural structures regarding blacks as lesser people in the society (Rabaka 2009).
The difference in the two Dubois theories from slavery connection points to black richness afro fusion as well as the experience of amalgamation of the two cultures is very unique in any given race. Such a theory aimed at holding double consciousness of the people and it exposes double standards that are that driven by dominant institutions and cultures.
From the earlier discussion by the theorist, the two examples clearly pointed out two sophisticated capitalism social change dimension admonition. This was closely followed by an orientation in a way that is not likely similar to the experience of blacks in Dubois (Marx et al 1974).
The significant dimensions of the philosophers held on to the idea of Weber implementing a comprehension of institutional contributions as well as sociological change. Weber becomes a liberalism symbol and gradual acceptance of major changes in his environment. The principles of Karl Marx border around a utopian equality paradigm also appear not to have any importance in the society.
Marx becomes more of an adamant and oppressed group of workers across the globe than any other truth seeker. He also believes that such employees should unite as their actions call for revolutionary advances that appear clearly misplaced in relevance to institutional growth and egalitarianism.
Weber additionally creates a protestant society that is more ethical towards work in his mission that targeted disparity between Protestants and Catholics disclosing just how much religions can prevent development (Weber 2009). Having visited the Russian government following revolution and witnessing hard work level via social theory, he also advocates for an institution that is more socialist and with a pattern that is more aligned to a communist work dimension and political system (Rabaka 2009).
Even though Marx did not have any sociologist semblance, his ideas become more of historical imprints as well as sociological facts. As a German sociologist, Weber who was also a scientist held a wide range of theories as earlier discussed and it affected social change as well as understanding tremendously.
Through the philosopher Weber, the conflict theory is very evident as it held a greater dimension of understanding social world (Weber 2009). The three conflict theory components also include the conflict of being a significant component in the society. This idea is quite controversial compared to Marxist political economic conflict of estrangement rule (Marx et al 1974).
As a common societal feature, Weber also feels that elimination of conflict is quite futile and it can only reduce. The different societal groups with different values and interests also play a crucial role in the second theory dimension. Such ideas are bound to create a different prototype of understanding that is in line with realism.
The third dimension on the other hand revealed that many conflicts according to Marx, always emerge from a higher
social class and the lower class are often proponents with major competitors being economic and resources control. The Weber point of view compared to Marxist philosophies does not have any close semblance and saves the disparities in control as well as association.
Marx also employs two different groups in the hypotheses conflict to build exploited organization ideas. The capitalist class also has ownership of the means of production as well as economic freedom. These groups see through distribution of products and services and are known to have connections towards prosperity of any religion.
In his perspective, the second group is the working class with capability to offering labor to many power and business establishments. In general, they are often oppressed and underpaid in their duties (Weber 2009 & Marx et al 1974). The two groups as advocated by Marx are very dominant and are capitalists and those working in the second group/. The society in this case is also characterized with constant struggle and conflict with resources being the major source of conflict.
On the other hand, Weber strongly believes that many groups exist in the society with various levels of power as well as social change effects. He takes note of the fact that the modern society is marred by ‘rationalization and intellectualization’’ (Weber 2009, 53).
Understanding the contemporary society through Dubois, Marx and Weber
The above philosophers have a crucial connection to the modern social change despite their propounding principles
in the past one century. The present American society has a dominant and subordinate group in constant conflict. Even though racism flames may have been dominant role in modern American society, different duties have also emerged to determine the eventualities and actualities of the USA in modern day according to Dubois.
The dominant groups as well as organizations in the world also have power, wealth and it contrasts the second group that just has wages and work permit. The principles of capitalism have excelled as communism withered over time. The present social economy as well the institution also holds a lot of resemblance to the ideals of Weber within socio-economic framework.
The specifics of the groups also point out different idiosyncrasies of each groups as well as individuals in the USA as well as across the globe. Religion as argued by all the philosophers is a significant aspect of human existence. The theodicy and meaning of life search borders within the examples of social change. According to Dubois, religion was a major opportunity for sharing of experiences and in uniting for a common goal.
Karl Marx on other hand feels that religion is a body that can be quite oppressive or a revolution tool. Even so, it is a mere connection to absurdity and Weber believes that religion as well as motivation has a link so that the former defines motivation (Weber 2009). From an oppressive regime as well as idealistic life motivation idealist offers a correspondence and capitalism paradigm amongst protestant ethics and Catholic aristocrats.
Such principles are however misinformed amongst philosophers such as Foucault who emphasized on knowledge as a significant aspect of social change and connection (Rabaka 2009).
Basically, the works of the theorists point out to the fact that different dimensions of the people’s identity and values that emanate from the community they live in. the society has also become an epitome of organizational paradigms that influence human affiliations and social progress. To many of the philosophers, the industrial revolution events and capitalist society played a crucial role in defining the present social identity as well as labor divisions.
On a broader point of view, the society also has connections to greater social determinants. The capitalism ideals also still have a solid relationship that is very crucial to filial organization that runs in almost every economy in modern day. The different groups that Weber focuses on also exist everywhere including spiritual influences and political strictures of the society.
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Marx, K., Engels, F., & Crooke, A. (1974). Basic writings on politics and philosophy. L. S. Feuer (Ed.). Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind Tertiary Resource Service.
Rabaka, Reiland (2009), Du Bois’s Dialectics: Black Radical Politics and the Reconstruction of Critical Social Theory, Lexington Books, ISBN 978-0-7391-1958-7.
Weber, M. (2009). The theory of social and economic organization. SimonandSchuster. com.