Social Work Paper on The Impact of Globalization

The Impact of Globalization

Globalization entails rapid intense and expansive trans-boundary exchanges because of advancements in technology, communications, as well as media. The exchanges and relations happen at all levels of governance and among non-state actors to develop an interdependent world. Globalization is also considered to be the international economic, political, and cultural process of integration within global boundaries. Globalization broadens the income inequality gap and reconstructs the infrastructure as well as social structures that can eliminate the support systems the lower income classes of individuals rely on to survive.

This paper examines the impact of globalization on prejudice and racism economically, politically, and in terms of modern media and transportation. Globalization in the economic view has triggered the spread of capitalism in Western Europe, which has developed into an imperialist movement. The international capitalist system has led to the mistreatment of colored groups of individuals who are regarded as subordinate racialized groups. Through abuse, racialized groups offer surplus labor to capitalists who deprive them basic citizenship and rights whereas the capitalists enjoy high profits and offer low pays. Besides poor working and living conditions, low pays, and deprived rights, the racialized groups are exposed to insecurity and assault. Citizen rights are normally accorded to ‘free White male’ workers in the United States, who have the freedom of creating and joining unions (Presbey, 2015).

Globalization is in most cases linked to the growing gap in income distribution between the upper classes and the working poor. In a labor market that endeavors to increase its productivity and reduce costs, industries are decentralizing their processes and outsourcing their labor. This process has led to the displacement of employees in the food harvesting, processing, packing, as well as production segments. This personnel is compelled to choose between two alternatives: pursuing more education and further training and skills with the prospect of acquiring sustainable employment or struggle in low-salary employments with considerably lessened pays and advantages.

Globalization in political perspective is international government by multinational corporations assisted by nation states. In regarding globalization as entirely an economic project, individuals are likely to ignore its political foundations. The nation state refers to the political group through which corporations can militarily or politically influence the change of regime or maintain friendly regimes to access a nation’s resources as well as markets. Local decision-making and democratic participation are challenged when international corporations, such as the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) create national economic and social guidelines (Presbey, 2015).

Moreover, open market forces endanger economic, social, and cultural rights, for example, the right to health, particularly when basic adjustment guidelines minimize public expenses for health and education. Besides, amassing power and wealth while under the foreign multinational corporations rises levels of joblessness, poverty, as well as the marginalization of helpless groups. Capital is now global, and the role of the state has shifted from attending to its own nationals to attending to the multinationals. Therefore, they have substituted the wellbeing state with the market state and the social wellbeing state with the market wellbeing state. This means that the welfare of the market is given priority over the welfare of society (Thomas & Kamari, 2013). Traditionally, the nation state emerged from industrial capitalism to protect national capital against other capitals and to arbitrate between capital and labor. It would control capital surpluses that would result in social disruption. The nation state would also provide labor with adequate social and economic security to keep it from revolt (Paoletti, 2006).

Global technology as well as the information revolution have restricted the governments’ capacity to regulate the right to seek, obtain, and transfer information within and across borders. Opinions and information can disseminate more freely, just as people. Many people currently have televisions and are subscribed to the Internet. Free transmission improves the ability to notify every individual about rights and ways of redress. The process also makes it hard for governments to hide infringements and enables activists to mobilize shame easily and provoke reforms in government behavior. Nevertheless, Information technology and the media can also be utilized to infringe human rights when the government is weaker (Thomas & Kamari, 2013).

Due to advancements that have improved modern transportation, immigrants to the United States have been moved to certain un- and deskilled industries. This course has been supported by debates on racial and ethnic differences. Race and gender comprise capitalism’s class dealings of production as well as the gendered race-making essential for the reproduction of those relations created by state guidelines, civic dialog, and state-sanctioned nationalism (Paoletti, 2006). They have confirmed to be efficient tools for ethnographers keen on how some bodies are related to specific forms of work, how movement is racially adjusted, and how certain institutional areas handle such processes.

The current racism is entrenched and influenced by globalization. Globalization needs to account for and rationalize the treatment of refugees as well as asylum seekers who have been thrown upon western shores in its rage through the world. Globalization should also justify the imperial project required to eliminate hostile regimes that hinder its growth and penetration.

 

 

References

Paoletti, S. (2006). Making Visible the Invisible: Strategies for Responding to Globalization’s Impact on Immigrant Workers in the United States. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 13(1), 105-136.

Presbey, G. M. (2015). Globalization and the Crisis in Detroit. Perspectives on Global Development & Technology, 14(1/2), 261-277.

Thomas, D. A., & Kamari Clarke, M. (2013). Globalization and Race: Structures of Inequality, New Sovereignties, and Citizenship in a Neoliberal Era. Annual Review of Anthropology42, 305-325.