Garden Cities of Tomorrow
The story begins with a description of ‘three magnets’ and these are the country, the town and the town-country. The author gives the benefits that come across with the town-country which include their nature, beauty, green fields, and cooperation among many others (Howard 46). Howard uses diagrams in most of the chapters to propose ways of making these garden cities function well. He goes further to describe the urban notes that are inter-connected at the heart of the garden cities, in which lays a garden, dwellings, roads, shops fields, industries and farms. This layout is important in helping to improve the social, personal, economic and biological life of every person (Howard 48). The garden city idea was implemented because of the increasingly high population of people in the cities. The idea provided the working class population with the option of working in farms and unhealthy cities.
Building garden cities is an expensive affair that requires quite a substantial amount of money and this causes most people to carry out fundraisings in order to raise the money. The three magneticideas tried to fuse the individualist system of the time together with socialism ideals because the ideas were gaining political drive as well as attention from trade unions and co-operatives. In addition, they were also gaining communal land protection. There was substantial immigration from the country regions towards the cities and this resulted in the fear of unsustainability and triggered diverse views frompolitical commentators of different parties. Some challenges can be identified, for instance the analytical self-critic in Howard discovered that there were some weak points in the plan he had made and there was a possibility that they would fail.
Having made this observation, he used foresight to prepare the people for the problems that were likely to occur as this would definitely help in making better shapes and designs in the future. To Howard, for the state to have a vital and true organic society, then Individualism and Socialism were to merge and as such he insisted that it was necessary to have human ordeals in the plan (Howard 49). This was a realistic and feasible idea because it was aimed at ensuring that people in blue collar jobs could afford decent housing especially considering the fact that this was very expensive for most people.
The major idea was to try and unite people with the countryside hence enable everyone to enjoy the human society as well as the beauty of nature. While the suburbs provided reliable transport links to workers commuting to the city, the three magnets and some people within the city set aside time for commute to the countryside. Even though the expense of building the three magnets town was quite huge, it was met through the cooperation of the society and this unity enabled many town to fight off World War 2 conflicts.
Political alliances were then formed by the three magnet cities to make sure that they defended what was truly theirs. Howard was sure that these cities would succeed because the plan entailed bringing human beings together and according to him, ignoring the duality principles would lead to making very many mistakes. He therefore advocated for all principles to be considered in the plan, without ignoring any . At some point Howard believed that all people are communists because they shared very many amenities and things including roads and parks among others (Howard 50).
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Howard, Ebenezer. Garden cities of tomorrow. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1902. Print.