The Ironic Poet
To appreciate a poetry work warrior, one should read Socrates poetry. In the ‘Candide’ novel, Voltaire uses different literacy application tools in providing a clear comprehension of the points that he believes in. Among the tools that are portrayed better in this novel include symbolism, satire and irony. With the use of these tools, this poet offers universal vice that can be used in analyzing several issues. The author uses a pessimistic attitude and literary skills in presenting his attitude towards the issues that affect the society. Socrates in the book 1 responds to Thrasymachus outburst in an ironical way to show his wisdom. Since it is impossible for an individual to take what is spoken by Socrates normally, Thrasymachus responds to this comment by simply saying, “Here is the habitual irony of Socrates”. Socrates has an ironical nature that he extends to the other books including II, III and even X. He employs irony as a mechanism effectively and this depicts a high “special arts” level which literature scholars use (Voltaire et al 25).
In book 1, Socratic irony is depicted in a clearer manner and it shows the character of this author as well as his power to argue out points that he does not concur with in the context of his life. This is seen from the argument of Thrasymachus “proof that even Socrates” knew about as well as disliked the Socratic irony’s literature tool that is called the “foreign ignorance”. Analyzing literature has shown that different Socrates passages define opposite things unconditionally (Voltaire et al 26). The implication of this is not that he said lies, but that he used irony in expressing issues there were found in his society and life. Socrates claims that he serves as the midwife who delivers messages without any distortion of the truth. As such, it is possible that he camouflaged irony using his words. By applying iron constantly, Socrates has showed Adeimantus as well as the entire world that poetry is an authority tool. It has clearly been seen that Socrates uses arguments by following interlocutors’ mechanism in relaying messages to his audience. The aim of this is to establish flaws and tensions in the arguments. Socrates depicts Thrasymachus as a person who prefer immorality to morality because it yields material gains (Pearson et al 27).
In a passage that illustrates justice, this author uses skepticism and literary intellect mechanism. “Just man is a thief” is a humorous conclusion that depicts the use of irony in a conversation absurdly. Using irony, Socrates inquires whether the cause of Cephalus happiness is his soiled wealth. He says “he who is of a calm and happy nature will hardly feel the pressure of age.” Via an artistic nature Socrates uses wisdom in questioning injustices utility. The implication of Socrates is that a just man is humble but for a proud and ambitious man being unjust is his weakness. Using irony, Socrates shows that his aim is to show that a man ought to live in a just way. This way, the author is able to prove the important of poetry as a tool for applying literal devices including irony (Voltaire et al 25).
There is an absolute necessity why everything happens in the world. These are the teachings of the popular Dr. Pangloss, a Candide’s tutor and mentor. There is a plot for every twist in life including a natural disaster, disease and assault. This depicts that optimism’s ironical prove is past reality. In responding to different misfortunes that he was facing, Pangloss considers them blindly and he honors them by seeing them as his good fortunes. Pangloss as a character is used by Voltaire in expressing what he sees as impractical. Literary, Pangloss means “all tongue” and this represents a very talkative person who might not have time for vital issues. According to him, Dr. Pangloss is very talkative and useless because he cannot assist in cultivation. He cannot even take a wise advice. This is satirical way of expressing different issues in the society and it is seen as a high level irony (Pearson et al 45).
Irony is depicted as vital writing style that one can use in delivering an agenda in a satirical way to a society in a hidden method. It is seen as a beautiful foundational town or city that should be developed by most poets in literal works. In Socrates’ work, ‘Candide’ it has been used successfully in expressing different views on different characters including Thrasymachus and Pangloss. It has been used properly in relaying different issues about the society including laziness and injustices. Despite the slight variation of the issues that book I addresses ironically, this literal device is used effectively in expressing important ideas in these cases. To many, this is a basic base for understanding most of “complex” works that has existed for has existed for years.
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Pearson, Roger. The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire’s “contes Philosophiques”. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. Print. Pp.268
Voltaire and Donald M. Frame. Candide, Zadig, and Selected Stories. New York, N.Y., U.S.A: Signet Classic, 2001. Print. Pp. 3-352
Voltaire, , and Robert M. Adams. Candide, Or, Optimism: A Fresh Translation, Backgrounds, Criticism. New York: Norton, 1991. Print. Pp. 1-234