The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Essay

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court is the treaty that helped in the establishment of the International Criminal Court [ICC]. It was adopted at a discreet conference in Rome in 17th July 1998 and was entered into force on 1st July 2002. On 1st May 2013, 122 states became a celebration to the statute.  The state parties of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court are the sovereign states that have been consented or complied with the Rome Statue.

The Rome Statute came up with four chief international crimes this includes crime against humanity, war crimes, genocide and crime of aggression. The Rome Statute is effective and applicable in cases of any other crimes that arise throughout negotiation and are considered inclusion and include ecocide- the extensive damage of natural landscape or loss of ecosystem to an extent of endangering the survival of the inhabitants of the territory.

On June 1998, the United Nations General Assembly, convened on a five-week diplomatic conference to help finalize and adopt a convention on the establishment of an international criminal court. This was as a result of many years of negotiations aimed at establishing permanent international court of law to prosecute individuals accused of genocide and other related international crimes.

The Rome Statute is as a result of multiple attempts for the creation of a supranational and international court of law. The Hague international peace conferences attended by representatives from most powerful nations tried to harmonize laws of war and at the same time limit utilization of the most technologically advanced weapons. After the World War I and II, it became clear that there are many individuals who commit crimes against humanity and go unpunished.

For any review and amendments to take place on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, it requires Proofreading-Editingsupport of a two-thirds majority of the state’s parties. An amendment will also not enter into force until it has been authorized by seven-eighths of the state’s parties. Any state party which has not acceded to such an amendment may withdraw with immediate effect.

The international criminal court is a rapid developing and growing institution and it has been open and active since 2003. It has been dealing with doctrine and law that the court achieves in order to use and expand its powers through reduced opposition and efficiency on all its cases. For ICC to be successful on its cases and abide to the Rome Statute, it should fully realize its full potential and make it clear to the world that it has the capabilities to establish and satisfy court functions, structure and jurisdiction.

ICC has built itself has a successful judicial entity since its establishment. However, the departure of Moreno-Ocampo [former chief prosecutor] has made it hard for some pending cases to be handled immediately. His duties have been taken over by Fatou Bensouda from Gambia. The office has been accused of biasness and enlisting help from her subordinates will in one or another way make the court ineffective in performing its jurisdictional roles. Examining the ICC in the perspective of its content and performance will guarantee credibility and support from the involved states. The international criminal court also needs to be flexible and it will grow exponentially globally.

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