Should Animals Be Hunted?
Before the domestication of animals, the only way that humans could supplement meat into their diet was to hunt animals in the wild. In the present, however, most of the meat consumed is from animals that have been reared with the purpose of producing meat. Hunting of wild animals continues even today. This can be done with the aim of getting meat from these animals or purely for fun. This paper explores whether animals should be hunted or not considering the context of current times.
Perspectives in Favour of Hunting Animals
Food security experts are of the opinion that hunting of wild animals can be a good protein supplement for populations that live in places where farming is not a viable option. This helps in the culling of herds and makes it easier to manage the environment (Peterson, 2014). This group, however, does not endorse hunting for trophies, as the belief held is that the hunting for specifically meat and in a subsistence manner cannot affect the ecosystem negatively.
Another group that tends to endorse the hunting of animals is the ethicists. The endorsement of hunting is dependent on the circumstances under which the hunting is taking place. If a particular species of animals is increasing at an abnormal rate in a habitat, and the natural predators of such species is not controlling them effectively, then it is right to hunt them and control the population (Peterson, 2014). This can also be recommended in the event of a species posing a danger to the human population living in a place. These are the predatory animals that might attack humans, and they need to be controlled.
Ranchers and farmers are a group that can endorse the hunting of wild animals on their property. The reason for this is to reduce the incidence of livestock disease affecting the domestic animals after interacting with the wild animals. This can also be permissible in cases where there are predators in the farm preying on the farmer’s stock. Elimination of these predators is recommended.
Perspectives Against Hunting Animals
Animal welfare proponents are on the frontline defending animals against hunting. The premise used by this group is that animals experience emotions similar to humans, and should be accorded better treatment if not equivalent to humans. Animal welfare proponent sometimes can go to extremes and demand that animals not be slaughtered for meat. Having such extremes views makes most of these groups to embrace a diet that is completely free of meat. The animal welfare proponents are therefore against the hunting of animals, as it falls in the category of cruelty to animals.
The other group of persons that are against the hunting of animals is the conservationists. The conservationists are concerned with the increasing number of species that are becoming extinct as a result of changes in the environment and the weather patterns (Buckley & Mossaz, 2015). The rates of extinction have increased exponentially in the recent years due to increased human activities, pollution and destruction of habitats. Adding hunting as another cause for the decimation of species only makes it worse.
Having considered the various perspectives that are for and against hunting, it is concluded that the rightness or wrongness of hunting is dependent on the beliefs and occupations of an individual. Some of the groups that support the hunting of animals include the food experts, ethicists and ranchers. The groups that are against the hunting of animals are animal welfare groups and conservationists. Each of these groups have their reasons for taking a stand regarding the hunting of animals and the stands are not absolute.
Buckley, R., & Mossaz, A. (2015). Hunting tourism and animal conservation. Animal Conservation, 18(2), 133-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acv.12204
Peterson, M. (2014). How Wildlife Management Agencies and Hunting Organizations Frame Ethical Hunting in the United States. Human Dimensions Of Wildlife, 19(6), 523-531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2014.928762